Android has its origins in 2003, later was purchased by Google in 2005. The beta version was released on November 5, 2007 and the SDKs were made available to developers on November 12th.
So in 2007, Google unveiled a new operating system that is now used by more than 1 billion people. And while Android has undergone some changes since then (mostly to make it faster and easier-to-use), its core principles remain unchanged: being open source, giving users control over their devices and content, and pushing innovation for everyone.
Android Version Names
|Code name||Version numbers||API level||Release date|
|1.0||1||September 23, 2008|
|1.1||2||February 9, 2009|
|Cupcake||1.5||3||April 27, 2009|
|Donut||1.6||4||September 15, 2009|
|Eclair||2.0 – 2.1||5 – 7||October 26, 2009|
|Froyo||2.2 – 2.2.3||8||May 20, 2010|
|Gingerbread||2.3 – 2.3.7||9 – 10||December 6, 2010|
|Honeycomb||3.0 – 3.2.6||11 – 13||February 22, 2011|
|Ice Cream Sandwich||4.0 – 4.0.4||14 – 15||October 18, 2011|
|Jelly Bean||4.1 – 4.3.1||16 – 18||July 9, 2012|
|KitKat||4.4 – 4.4.4||19 – 20||October 31, 2013|
|Lollipop||5.0 – 5.1.1||21- 22||November 12, 2014|
|Marshmallow||6.0 – 6.0.1||23||October 5, 2015|
|Nougat||7.0||24||August 22, 2016|
|Nougat||7.1.0 – 7.1.2||25||October 4, 2016|
|Oreo||8.0||26||August 21, 2017|
|Oreo||8.1||27||December 5, 2017|
|Pie||9.0||28||August 6, 2018|
|Android 10||10.0||29||September 3, 2019|
|Android 11||11||30||September 8, 2020|
Starting from Android 10, Google doesn’t name Android OS anymore. They call it by big version number.
Custom Android OS Names / ROMs
Android is a great operating system. It has grown exponentially in recent years, both in terms of usage and popularity. There are many different versions of Android that one can install on their phone or tablet from the Google store – but there’s also an option to install a custom version.
Each manufacturer has its own custom Android version and use only on their own devices. This article covers the best custom versions of Android available.
LineageOS is a version of Android that has been modified to have more control over your device, and less bloatware from carrier or OEMs – it also allows you to install Google Apps individually instead of bundling them with the OS.
LineageOS does not have many customizations. But it is still a good Android ROM for 2021.
Xiaomi’s MIUI OS is one of the more popular custom Android distributions and uses a heavily customized launcher. The distribution has its own app store that contains apps from Xiaomi, as well as third-party developers who have agreed to work with them exclusively – this means you’ll find some unique and unknown gems in there. There are also a lot of games on the store that are exclusive to it.
One UI is Samsung’s newest custom Android distribution that was first introduced on the Galaxy S One Plus. This new interface features a cleaner design, as well as some new gestures to make navigating easier with a single hand – for example you can swipe down from anywhere in the app grid and it’ll take you back home.
It also has an all-new recent apps menu which makes multitasking much more simpler. The revamped notification panel finally puts everything at your fingertips instead of burying them under several menus or taps. A lot of people have reported improved battery life thanks to this change too! In addition to these improvements, there are quite a few other changes and upgrades coming up over time including: smarter notifications, a new and improved keyboard, a brand-new Gallery app, an updated Email client with smart filters and more.
HarmonyOS is a family of operating systems developed by Huawei. The company will be able to break free of American software influence by following its own path with the HarmonyOS.
Unveiled on 9 August 2019, the platform was announced as being an embedded operating system for Internet of Things (IoT) devices. It can also be used in mobile phones and other small electronics which will run the Harmony OS instead its old Android-based software later this year using Google Assistant or Microsoft Cortana to power it up.
Oppo’s ColorOS is one of the most popular custom Android distributions, available on devices such as Oppo’s Find series. It features a sleek Light and Dark theme which automatically adjusts to use colors that are easier on your eyes in any lighting condition, whether it be indoors or outside. This distribution also has excellent battery life by being more energy saving, and a built-in tool called Cleaner for clearing up unnecessary data from apps like browsers when you are done using them. In addition to this cleanliness feature, they have an app called Game Turbo which helps conserve power while playing games – something very helpful if you’re mobile gaming all day long! This distribution comes with an extra App Store preinstalled so users can browse through the store and install what they need for their phones.
Oxygen OS is a custom ROM that’s been created by OnePlus, and it’s available on both the OnePlus One as well as its successor, the OnePlus Two. It features a number of gestures such as double tap to wake up your phone or drawing an “O” with two fingers on the screen for accessing notifications. Oxygen OS is loved by many Android users.